11.10.1873 Frankfurt-M/D - 11.5.1916 Potsdam/D
Karl Schwarzschild made studies in astronomy at the Universities of Strasburg and Munich where he submitted in 1896 a PhD thesis on the equilibrium of a rotating fluid mass. In 1902 Schwarzschild was appointed professor of astronomy at the Göttingen University following his work on the Schwarzschild effect. He was also interested in aviation and may have influenced the work of the young Ludwig Prandtl (1875-1953) who joined in 1904 Göttingen University. In 1909 Schwarzschild moved to Potsdam as director of the Astrophysical Institute.
Schwarzschild was neither a hydrodynamicist nor a mathematician, but he has significantly contributed to both branches. His mind was characterized by an extraordinary lightness and sharpness, because he would respond to questions after a short thought clearly and thoroughly. His name is today still known in relation to the effect according to which the Schwarzschild spacetime describes the gravitational field of the Sun, or of the Earth. The technique was used to verify some of Einstein's assumptions relative to the theory of gravitation. Schwarzschild was also a master in mechanics, both from the mathematical equipment and from the engineering approach. Following his PhD thesis he took interest in fluid mechanics. During a seminar at Göttingen University in which Felix Klein was present, Schwarzschild prepared together with Gustav Herglotz (1881-1953) and a colleague a paper on fluid flow in pipelines and open channels, in which the problem of turbulence was addressed. Once in Potsdam, Schwarzschild presented another work relating to the effect of wind and air density on projectile trajectories. Following a malicious skin disease, he passed away aged only 43.
Anonymous (1996). Schwarzschild, Karl. Lexikon der Naturwissenschaftler: 370. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag: Heidelberg. P
Blumenthal, O. (1917). Karl Schwarzschild. Jahresbericht Deutsche Mathematische Vereinigung 26: 56-75. P
Hahn, H., Herglotz, H., Schwarzschild, K. (1904). Über das Strömen des Wassers in Röhren und Kanälen. Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik 51: 411-426.
Maffei, P. (1975). Karl Schwarzschild. Scienziati e tecnologi 3: 96-97. Mondadori: Milano. Schwarzschild, K. (1915). Über den Einfluss von Wind und Luftdichte auf die Geschossbahn. Königl. Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften on Nov. 8, published after WWI. Sommerfeld, A. (1916). Karl Schwarzschild. Die Naturwissenschaften 4(31): 453-457.∼history/Mathematicians/Schwarzschild.html

Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000 . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schwarzschild — is a German surname meaning black sign or black shield and may refer to: * Karl Schwarzschild, (1873 1916), physicist and astronomer * Martin Schwarzschild, (1912 1997), astronomer * Roger Schwarzschild, linguistNamed after Karl Schwarzschild: *… …   Wikipedia

  • Schwarzschild — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Heinrich Schwarzschild (1803–1878), deutscher Arzt und Dichter Karl Schwarzschild (1873–1916), deutscher Astronom und Physiker Leopold Schwarzschild (1891–1950), deutscher Publizist Martin Schwarzschild… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SCHWARZSCHILD (K.) — SCHWARZSCHILD KARL (1873 1916) Astronome allemand, né à Francfort sur le Main, K. Schwarzschild se distingue, à l’âge de seize ans, par un article sur la théorie des orbes célestes et il fait ses études à Munich auprès de Hugo von Seeliger. En… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schwarzschild — Schwarzschild, eine Art Kolibri, s.d. 1) a) b) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Schwarzschild — Schwarzschild, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schwarzschild — Karl Schwarzschild Karl Schwarzschild Karl Schwarzschild (9 octobre 1873, Francfort sur le Main – 11 mai 1916, Potsdam) était un astrophysicien allemand. Sa curiosité pour les étoiles se manifesta dès ses premières an …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schwarzschild — Schwạrzschild,   1) Karl, Astronom, * Frankfurt am Main 9. 10. 1873, ✝ Potsdam 11. 5. 1916, Vater von 2); Professor in Göttingen (1901) und Direktor der dortigen Sternwarte; ab 1909 Direktor des Astrophysikalischen Observatoriums in Potsdam.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SCHWARZSCHILD, STEVEN SAMUEL — (1924–1989), U.S. rabbi, editor, scholar, and professor of Judaic Studies. Born in Frankfurt, Germany, to a family long established there, Schwarzschild was raised in Berlin and escaped with his family to the U.S. in 1939. He was ordained at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schwarzschild (desambiguación) — Schwarzschild («escudo negro») es un apellido alemán. Es el apellido de: Karl Schwarzschild (1873 1916), físico y astrónomo alemán. Martin Schwarzschild (1912–1997), astrónomo germano estadounidense. También puede referirse a los siguientes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SCHWARZSCHILD, KARL — (1873–1916), German astronomer and mathematician. Born in Frankfurt, Schwarzschild published his first paper, on celestial mechanics, at the age of 15, and worked at the Kuffner Observatory, Vienna, from 1897 to 1899. Schwarzschild taught at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”